Troponin emerges as marker of death risk after cardiac surgery

Canadian researchers report that troponin levels after cardiac surgery could be a significant marker for 30-day mortality risk. Their findings were published on March 2, 2022 in the New England Journal of Medicine. “This study is a landmark for the health teams taking care of patients after cardiac surgery. For the first time, we have a marker that is fast […]

Older adults voice concerns about going to the operating room

Whether they need a knee replaced, a hernia stitched up, a cataract in their eye removed or their gall bladder taken out, a new poll shows many older adults harbor concerns about scheduling elective surgery. But once they’ve had it done, most are glad they did. The new findings from the National Poll on Healthy Aging focus on elective surgery, a catch-all term […]

Racial disparities in kidney transplantation access are highest among young adults

In a retrospective study of adults initiating kidney failure treatment during 2011-2018, disparities in kidney transplantation by race were highest among patients age 22-44 years of age. Within this age group, kidney failure was treated by kidney transplantation among 10.9% of White patients but only 1.8% of Black and 4.4% of Hispanic patients. Research has shown wide racial/ethnic disparities in use […]

Creating universal blood-type organs for transplant

A study published in Science Translational Medicine performed at the Latner Thoracic Surgery Research Laboratories and UHN’s Ajmera Transplant Centre has proved that it is possible to convert blood type safely in donor organs intended for transplantation. This finding is an important step towards creating universal type O organs, which would significantly improve fairness in organ allocation and decrease mortality for patients […]

Successful transplant of porcine heart into adult human with end-stage heart disease

In a first-of-its-kind surgery, a 57-year-old patient with terminal heart disease received a successful transplant of a genetically-modified pig heart and is still doing well three days later. It was the only currently available option for the patient. The historic surgery was conducted by University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) faculty at the University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC), […]

Transplants for alcohol-related liver inflammation surge during pandemic

The increased number of deceased donor liver transplants related to alcoholic hepatitis — up more than 50 percent over predicted numbers — was associated with rising alcohol sales. Registrations for the national organ transplant waiting list related to alcoholic hepatitis as well as the number of deceased donor liver transplants for the inflammatory liver condition rose significantly during the pandemic, […]

AHA 2021: Early heart valve surgery could benefit asymptomatic severe aortic stenosis patients

Persons diagnosed with severe aortic stenosis, but without symptoms or need of symptom relief, could benefit from early aortic valve replacement surgery since it reduces the risk of death, heart attack, stroke and heart failure. Researchers from the AVATAR trial reported this finding on Nov.13, 2021 at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2021. The study was also published simultaneously […]

Quadricep muscle contracts differently after ACL reconstruction; may contribute to lingering weakness

After an anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery, it’s common to experience quadriceps weakness, which was thought to be caused primarily by muscle atrophy, or shrinkage. But researchers at the University of Michigan School of Kinesiology have found an additional cause, which could help clinicians design more effective rehabilitation programs. They found that besides muscle loss, the quadricep muscle — specifically, […]

Pre-surgical and post-surgical physical therapy for knee replacement patients lowers risk of chronic opioid use

Physical therapy appears to the lower risk of chronic opioid use among patients undergoing total knee replacement, researchers reported on Oct. 27, 2021 in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. The investigators reported that physical therapy within 90 days before or after total knee replacement was associated with lower risk of chronic opioid use. Furthermore, six or more sessions of physical therapy […]

External-beam radiation therapy underused for people with liver cancer awaiting transplant

First national analysis of external-beam radiation as bridging therapy finds fewer than 4% of patients prescribed this non-invasive option. People with liver cancer awaiting transplantation could benefit from non-invasive radiation treatments but are rarely given this therapy, according to a new analysis of U.S. national data. Findings will be presented today at the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) Annual Meeting. […]