Bariatric surgery lowers risk of cardiovascular disease

New research involving adults diagnosed with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and morbid obesity (body mass index > 40) indicates that subjects who had bariatric surgery achieved a significantly reduced risk of developing subsequent cardiovascular disease (CVD). The findings appeared on Oct. 5, 2022 in JAMA Network Open. “The findings provide evidence in support of bariatric surgery as an effective […]

Trial shows benefits of two forms of ankle surgery for osteoarthritis

Patients with advanced ankle osteoarthritis who undergo surgery see equally good outcomes from the two main surgical treatments for osteoarthritis, a new study led by UCL researchers has shown. The TARVA randomised clinical trial compared total ankle joint replacement with ankle fusion (when the ankle joint is pinned to prevent movement). It was led by the Comprehensive Clinical Trials Unit […]

Study examines total knee replacement in patients under 21

A new study from researchers at Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) has evaluated trends in the use of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in patients under 21 in the United States. The study was reported at the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Convergence 2022 meeting (abstract number 08780). According to Cynthia A. Kahlenberg, MD, MPH, an orthopedic surgeon at HSS and a […]

Focused ultrasound treatment for essential tremor highly effective after 5 years

A scalpel-free, high-tech form of brain surgery pioneered at UVA Health offers long-term relief for patients with essential tremor, a common movement disorder, a five-year review shows. The study offers important insights into the durability of the benefits of focused ultrasound treatment for essential tremor. Five years after treatment, clinical trial participants continued to their treated tremors reduced by more than 70%, […]

Experts pave the way for safer surgery to address global elective waiting lists

Surgical care experts have today unveiled two studies in The Lancet that will help to provide safer surgery for thousands of patients around the world — particularly in Low- and Middle-income Countries (LMIC). Researchers found that routinely changing gloves and instruments just before closing wounds could significantly reduce Surgical Site Infection (SSI) — the world’s most common post-operative complication. Secondly, they tested […]

Single-port robotic surgery improves patient ratings of scarring after urologic procedures

The use of next-generation, single-port surgical robots leads to improved cosmetic outcomes and patient perceptions of scarring after robotic kidney, bladder, or prostate surgery, reports a study in Urology Practice®, an Official Journal of the American Urological Association (AUA). The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer. The results show “an appreciable cosmetic and psychometric difference” in patients undergoing urologic surgery […]

After 30 years – new guidelines for weight-loss surgery

Two of the world’s leading authorities on bariatric and metabolic surgery have issued new evidence-based clinical guidelines that among a slew of recommendations expand patient eligibility for weight-loss surgery and endorse metabolic surgery for patients with type 2 diabetes beginning at a body mass index (BMI) of 30, a measure of body fat based on a person’s height and weight […]

Telemedicine reduces odds of no-show clinic visits by more than two-thirds for surgical patients

Surgical patients who use telehealth services are much more likely to show up for their initial clinic visit or follow-up appointment during the post-surgery period than those who rely on in-person visits only. Research findings were presented at the Scientific Forum of the American College of Surgeons (ACS) Clinical Congress 2022. During the early months of the COVID pandemic, when […]

Hospital room features may impact clinical outcomes for patients after surgery

Certain hospital room features, such as having a window view and distance from a nursing station, may influence clinical outcomes after undergoing high-risk operations, according to research findings presented at the Scientific Forum of the American College of Surgeons (ACS) Clinical Congress 2022. Each year, about $50 billion is spent on the construction of health care facilities in the United […]