AI helps radiologists detect bone fractures

Artificial intelligence (AI) is an effective tool for fracture detection that has potential to aid clinicians in busy emergency departments, according to a study in Radiology. Missed or delayed diagnosis of fractures on X-ray is a common error with potentially serious implications for the patient. Lack of timely access to expert opinion as the growth in imaging volumes continues to outpace […]

Half of all women experience false positive mammograms after 10 years of annual screening

A study led by UC Davis Health has found that half of all women will experience at least one false positive mammogram over a decade of annual breast cancer screening with digital breast tomosynthesis (3D mammography). The risk of false positive results after 10 years of screening is considerably lower in women screened every other year. A false positive is when […]

Using Artificial Intelligence to solve one of health care’s most enduring problems

Medical imaging is one of the most widely used diagnostic tools in health care with providers ordering dozens of imaging studies for their patients every day. These studies are used to gain information about certain symptoms a patient has or a condition they are being treated for, but frequently have incidental findings unrelated to the original indication for the study. […]

Team uses MRI to image epigenetics in the brain

A multidisciplinary team at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign has devised a new approach to 3D imaging that captures DNA methylation, a key epigenetic change associated with learning in the brain. The scientists say their proof-of-concept study in pigs will easily translate to humans, as the new method relies on standard MRI technology and biological markers already in use in […]

Radiation monotherapy shows efficacy for treating oligometastatic renal cell carcinoma

Radiation monotherapy is an effective noninvasive treatment for oligometastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC), researchers reported on Oct. 28, 2021 in The Lancet Oncology. “These findings are exciting because we’re challenging the dogma in radiation oncology that RCC is biologically radioresistant,” said investigator Chad Tang, M.D., Assistant Professor of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center in Houston.  “Our strategy to […]

Cardiac MRI of myocarditis after COVID-19 vaccination in adolescents

According to ARRS’ American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR), radiologists need to be cognizant of the association between coronavirus disease (COVID-19) mRNA vaccination and myocarditis, as well as the role of cardiac MRI for assessing suspected myocarditis postvaccination. “In this small case series, all patients with myocarditis after COVID-19 vaccination were adolescent males and had a favorable initial clinical course,” explained first author […]

Lung cancer screening for survivors of head and neck cancer

Head and neck cancer survivors with long smoking histories had a 2.5-fold greater risk of developing lung cancer than those without prior head and neck cancer, according to a secondary analysis of the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) data.1 The landmark NLST randomized more than 50,000 participants at high risk for lung cancer in a 1:1 ratio to either low-dose […]

External-beam radiation therapy underused for people with liver cancer awaiting transplant

First national analysis of external-beam radiation as bridging therapy finds fewer than 4% of patients prescribed this non-invasive option. People with liver cancer awaiting transplantation could benefit from non-invasive radiation treatments but are rarely given this therapy, according to a new analysis of U.S. national data. Findings will be presented today at the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) Annual Meeting. […]