New diagnostic test is 1,000 times more sensitive than conventional tests

When Srikanth Singamaneni and Guy Genin, both professors of mechanical engineering and materials science at the McKelvey School of Engineering at Washington University in St. Louis, established a new collaboration with researchers from the School of Medicine in late 2019, they didn’t know the landscape of infectious disease research was about to shift dramatically. In a conference room overlooking Forest Park on a […]

Four new medicines approved by EMA

The European Medicines Agency (EMA) has approved four new medicines at its January meeting, getting 2023 off to a low-key start. The Agency’s key human medicines committee (CHMP) recommended granting a marketing authorisation for Sotyktu (deucravacitinib) – a medicine for the treatment of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis in adults, a skin disease causing red, scaly patches. The committee adopted positive opinions […]

Comparing the cost-effectiveness of treatments for blood clots in cancer patients

Research conducted by UC Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center and the University of Cincinnati shows that direct oral anti-coagulant (DOAC) drugs are more effective and are more cost-effective than low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) for treating cancer-associated thrombosis (CAT). A new study to be published in the Annals of Internal Medicine on December 27, 2022 examines the cost-effectiveness of the four most utilized anticoagulation strategies for blood clots, which include LMWH, apixaban, edoxaban and rivaroxaban. Authors […]

EMA sets up expert group on medicine innovation

The European Medicines Agency (EMA) has established a Quality Innovation Expert Group (QIG) to support innovative approaches for the development, manufacture, and quality control of medicines for the benefit of patients in the EU. These include new technologies, digitalisation, novel materials and novel devices. The role of the QIG is to ensure that the European medicines regulatory network keeps pace with innovation, […]

Nivolumab study supports use of immune checkpoint inhibitors in advanced skin cancer

Researchers report that patients with advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma, a skin cancer and one of the most frequent malignancies worldwide, benefit from treatment with the immune checkpoint inhibitor nivolumab. The findings were published on Oct. 24, 2022 in Cancer. “This is the first study to investigate nivolumab in this patient population, and it provides further evidence supporting the use […]

Chlamydia’s stealthy cloaking device identified

Chlamydia, the leading cause of sexually transmitted bacterial infections, evades detection and elimination inside human cells by use of a cloaking device. But Duke University researchers have grasped the hem of that invisibility cloak and now hope they can pull it apart. To enter the cell and peacefully reproduce, many pathogenic bacteria, including Chlamydia, cloak themselves in a piece of […]

New diagnostic option for rare eye disease

An estimated five to ten percent of blindness worldwide is caused by the rare inflammatory eye disease uveitis. Posterior uveitis in particular is often associated with severe disease progression and the need for immunosuppressive therapy. In posterior uveitis, inflammation occurs in the retina and in the underlying choroid that supplies it with nutrients. Researchers at the Ophthalmology Department at the […]

Pralsetinib therapy shows high response in range of cancer patients with RET gene fusions

In a Phase I/II trial, cancer treatment with pralsetinib has produced high response rates in patients with RET gene fusions, regardless of tumor type, researchers reported on Aug.12, 2022 in Nature Medicine. “We’ve had an explosion in clinical next-generation sequencing that allows us to understand shared biomarkers across multiple tumor types, and this study was important to determine if RET fusions are […]

Regular screening of people at high risk for pancreatic cancer pays off

Surveillance programs for people at high risk of developing pancreatic cancers can help detect precancerous conditions and cancers early, when they are most treatable, according to a new multicenter study directed by experts at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center. A total of 1,461 individuals at high risk of developing pancreatic cancer were enrolled in the Cancer of Pancreas Screening-5 (CAPS5) study […]